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understanding coffee

Where Do Coffee Beans Come From?

Coffee has become a staple drink in our daily life. It seems like everything starts with strong coffee. And many people agree that starting the day with the first cup of coffee makes you feel alert, refreshed, and energized. But most people don't understand where the coffee beans come from?

If you want to know about the coffee beans you brew. You're on the right track. We've put together this guide to give you all the information about coffee beans. Let's continue reading to clear up your questions about coffee.

Where Do Coffee Beans Come From?

Coffee beans come from the coffee plant, which is a very tall perennial shrub. (However, farmers usually prune branches to about 5 feet to facilitate harvesting.) Coffee cherry fruits grow from these coffee trees. Each fruit has two coffee beans inside.

  • On average Coffee plants take about a year to begin blooming fragrant white flowers.
  • Then four years later it will begin bearing fruit.
  • It takes approximately 10 years for these coffee plants to begin producing commercial crops.

These are the coffee beans that are most valuable to farmers. The average lifespan of a coffee plant is generally between 30-40 years, but depending on care, it can live much longer! When the coffee beans begin to ripen and are ready to be harvested. The coffee will turn red. But you must keep an eye on when you should keep it. Picking too early or too late can have a profound effect on the final flavor.


Where is coffee grown?

Most coffee trees are grown in areas known as “The Bean Belt,” which is the area around the equator between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. This is where the capital is located and is a world-class coffee growing area such as Brazil, Vietnam [coffee capitals of the world such as Brazil, Vietnam], Colombia, Indonesia, and Ethiopia. Because it is a fertile area suitable for growing coffee, which makes it grow well.

Interestingly, the area where coffee beans are grown can change the flavor of the coffee. Environmental conditions such as climate, altitude, and even soil type can affect the flavor of the coffee beans produced.


Different types of coffee trees provide Is the yield of coffee beans different?

Of course, there are over 120 different varieties of coffee plants, each producing different types of coffee beans. But most of the coffee we consume comes from only two varieties: Robusta. (also known as Coffee Robusta or Coffee Canephora) or Arabica (Coffee Arabica) or a mix of both. The two varieties differ in taste, growing conditions, and price.

Arabica coffee beans

Arabica coffee beans are one of the most popular types. It is believed to be one of the first coffee varieties to have been grown using its roots since 1000 BC. Coffee beans are generally oval. There is a prominent pleat in the middle. And is larger than Robusta coffee beans.

Coffee drinkers love these beans. It is known for its refreshing and complex flavor. It tends to have a sweeter, more subtle flavor with fruity, floral, chocolate and nut tones, although it has a higher acidity.

Generally, Arabica coffee beans are more expensive than Robusta. This is because it is more complex. And it requires more specific cultivation requirements, such as weather conditions and altitude for growing. Typically, Arabica coffee beans are grown at altitudes between 500 m and 2,500 m. low caffeine Currently, Latin America Brazil is the largest producer of Arabica coffee.


Robusta coffee beans

Robusta is generally grown in Africa, Vietnam, and Indonesia. Robusta has a lower acidity level than Arabica coffee. This means that the flavor will be less sweet. Because it has a more normal acidity. In addition, the combination of flavors is deeper and more intense. Robusta will smell like wood or burnt rubber. This is a popular choice for espresso. Because it has a rich flavor and a thick, soft foam layer.

Robusta is grown at altitudes up to 1,000 m and produces faster than Arabica, which takes several years to mature. It also produces more fruit per tree. Additionally, it is less vulnerable to pests and weather conditions. And this is the main reason why Robusta is cheaper than Arabica. Another thing to keep in mind is that Robusta coffee beans have a higher caffeine content.

In general, Robusta coffee beans are smaller and rounder than Arabica beans, are lighter in color, and have a less pronounced central crease


We clearly explain that What types of coffee beans do we use in our Nescafe products? You will see this information on the product pages of this website. Some coffees use only Arabica or Robusta beans. While other types of coffee use a mix of these two types of coffee beans.

See more Nescafe products.

From Nescafe Gold to Nescafe ready-to-drink, we have created coffee for every taste and occasion.

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