The Cuban coffee culture is unlike anywhere else in the world. Rather than a simple pick-me-up, the beverage is commonly seen as a way to bring people together, to gossip with neighbours over, or to sip whilst catching up with friends and family.
The tale of Cuba and coffee is one of resilience, innovation and above all, community spirit. Keep reading to find out all you need to know about the wonderful world of Cuban coffee including how rationing saw them get creative and the unusual location you may find coffee served out of…
History of Cuban coffee
Coffee arrived in Cuba in the 1700s and soon became a huge producer and exporter of coffee, so much so that the first plantations are now on the UNESCO World Heritage list. However, before long rum and cane sugar eclipsed coffee and its production declined, but this didn’t mean the consumption of it slowed!
In 1962, the government made a move to ration coffee, alongside the rest of the nation’s food supply, which meant Cuban’s were given a measly four ounces of coffee per month. Due to this rationing, the people of Cuba got creative and mixed the coffee with chicharo beans or chickpeas to make it last longer, then sweetened it with sugar and served it in tiny cups called tacitas. This drink, known as a ‘Café con Chicharo’, didn’t have the crema present in many Italian coffees, but the inventive Cubans made a substitute by whipping brown sugar with a small amount of coffee to place on top to mimic it, the result was a crema like substance which was sweeter and less bitter.
Cuban coffee culture
Coffee is a huge part of the daily culture in Cuba and it’s often thought of as a vehicle to bring people together. The strong beverage is best enjoyed with friends, whether catching up at a street café, having friends over to enjoy a cup or popping in to have a ‘visita’ with neighbours. Just about everyone in Cuba has a stove-top espresso maker and it’s considered customary to offer a cup to visitors when they come to your home.
Outside of people’s homes, Cuban coffee can be enjoyed at private cafeterias which are often just people’s home windows! Known as ‘ventanillas’ these window cafes are much cheaper than the restaurants and bars in the area and you can typically enjoy a cup of Café Cubano for around 1 Cuban peso.
Coffee growing in Cuba
Coffee is still grown in Cuba, but not as much as it once was. It’s grown in three areas: The Sierra Maestra mountains (92% of Cuban coffee is grown here), Pinar del Rio and Escambray. The country produces both Arabica and Robusta coffee beans, typically from small, family-run farms.
Cuban coffee types
As Cuban’s love their coffee, they’re crafted a few unique types over the years, most of which you probably haven’t even heard of! All of the following coffee types are smaller cups which is due to the impact of rationing on the country.
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Italian Coffee and Culture
Italian coffee is world renowned for its superior taste, but drinking it in the coffee capital is a very different experience to your humble cup of Joe in Britain. For a start, you won’t find streets adorned with chains, but rather several quaint cafés with menus consisting of coffees beyond what you’ll commonly find.