Swedish Coffee and Culture
Sweden is one of the top 10 coffee consumers in the entire world. As of 2020, it was found that the Swedes drink a whopping 7.6kg per person per year, which is over double that of the US. There’s a real love affair for the beverage in Sweden and you’ll see it just about everywhere you go. In fact, the adoration of coffee is so engrained in the culture, they even have a special word for going on a coffee break.
Keep reading to find out all you need to know about Swedish coffee, from its unusual origins in the country to what ‘fika’ means.
History of Swedish Coffee
Coffee beans first came to Sweden in 1685, which is around three decades after the first Swedish person, Statesmen Claes Rålamb, sampled and produced a written account of his dislike of the beverage. However, the first coffee beans to come to the country weren’t for the intention of drinking for pleasure, they were actually used for medicinal purposes and stockpiled by pharmacists to treat disease.
It was King Charles XII that first introduced the concept of drinking coffee for the pure enjoyment of it as he developed a taste for it after visiting Turkey, so he brought it back to Sweden alongside a cezve coffee maker. Initially, coffee was exclusively for the aristocracy, but King Charles XII’s adoration of the beverage would later kickstart the country’s love affair.
The first coffee house and the first coffee ban
In 1710, Sweden’s first coffee house was opened in Stockholm and within a few decades there was almost 50 in the city alone, but this popularity wasn’t necessarily a good thing. As the coffee trade was booming, the elites thought that coffee export should be increased and imports should be reduced, an economic policy known as mercantilism. However, the working class couldn’t afford coffee and there was a prohibition on distilling at home.
As a result, 1756 saw the country’s first coffee ban which was actually enacted and enforced by none other than the peasantry. Punishments included fines, taking away cups and saucers and even imprisonment. This first ban lasted an impressive 10 years, but there were more bans to come under the rule of King Gustav III.
The fifth and final Swedish coffee ban concluded in 1822 and thankfully, there’s been none ever since.
Where drip coffee didn’t originate in Sweden, it’s one of the most popular types. The Swedish usually enjoy drip coffee black with a sweet treat.
Kokkaffee or ‘boiled coffee’ is a common coffee brewing method that’s most popular in the North. It’s relatively simple to do and all you need is a pot or kettle, some coarse ground coffee, a strainer and a flask. The grounds are added to a pot with water which is boiled, allowed to settle, then the coffee is strained into a flask. As it’s so quick and convenient, it’s a very popular morning drink.