Understand the basics of coffee
The Coffee Experience
In every cup of coffee, there are three key characteristics that create its overall flavour: aroma, acidity and body.
Coffee can have up to 1000 aromatic compounds that contribute to its profile. A coffee aroma can be: fruity, caramel, roasted, cereal, rubber, fermented, earthy, spicy, floral, nutty, and even cooked.
When it comes to coffee, acidity isn’t what you think it is. It’s a sharp and vibrant taste, a tingling on the tongue. Good acidity tastes bright and crisp, whereas a coffee without enough acidity tastes flat and dull.
Body describes the texture of the coffee as it coats your tongue, and the weight of the coffee as it settles in your mouth. A full-bodied coffee is rich and heavy, whereas a coffee without much body is thin and watery.
For many people, brewing coffee is an art form. Particularly for the professionals – the baristas. They pride themselves on their coffee skills and can whip up foamy works of art. Want to bring out your inner barista? Here are just a few different ways to brew a delicious cup:
You can make drip coffee by placing fine coffee grounds on top of a coffee filter over your cup. Then slowly pour hot water over it and wait as the coffee drips through to create a smooth cup.
If you have coarser coffee grounds, you can use a French press. To do this, you mix the grounds with hot water, stir and let it steep. After a few minutes, plunge the plunger and start pouring.
If you’re after something a little stronger, a stove-top espresso pot brews coffee by passing boiling water through ground coffee, pressurised by steam. The result? A perfect espresso.
Turkish coffee is made with a special pot called a cezve. Extremely fine coffee grounds, sugar, cardamom and water are added to the cezve and brought to the boil, for an intensely rich coffee.
A Coffee for Every Occasion
There are so many different ways to enjoy coffee. Whether you like yours simply black or flamboyantly flavoured, piping hot or ice cold, or indulging yourself with added cream or a splash of whisky, there’s a coffee to suit whatever mood you’re in.