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Understanding Coffee

Understanding Coffee

Where does coffee come from? And why do different coffees taste different?

Read our expert guide to where coffee is grown, the types of bean and the all-important roasting process.

coffee bean parallax image

Where does coffee come from?

Coffee is grown in more than 50 countries around "the coffee belt", in areas that have the right combination of altitude, soil and weather.

  • Africa

    Africa

    Coffee is grown in more than 50 countries around "the coffee belt", in areas that have the right combination of altitude, soil and weather.

     

    African coffee is:

    • Syrupy
    • Medium acidity
    • Medium to dark roast
  • Latin America

    Latin America

    Coffee is grown in more than 50 countries around "the coffee belt", in areas that have the right combination of altitude, soil and weather.

     

    Latin American coffee is:

    • Nutty
    • Low acidity
    • Light or medium roast
  • Asia

    Asia

    Coffee is grown in more than 50 countries around "the coffee belt", in areas that have the right combination of altitude, soil and weather.

     

    Asian coffee is:

    • Earthy
    • Gentle acidity
    • Dark roast
coffee bean parallax image

Get to know your coffee beans

Coffee beans come from the fruit (called "cherries") of the coffee plant. The cherries are not good to eat, but the beans inside the cherries are full of flavor.

Each variety of coffee plant has a different and distinct flavor. There are more than 120 varieties, but most of the coffee we drink comes from either Arabica and Robusta, or a blend of the two.  

Arabica
Arabica

Coffee is grown in more than 50 countries around "the coffee belt", in areas that have the right combination of altitude, soil and weather.

 

Asian coffee is:

  • Earthy
  • Gentle acidity
  • Dark roast

Robusta
Robusta

Coffee is grown in more than 50 countries around "the coffee belt", in areas that have the right combination of altitude, soil and weather.

 

Asian coffee is:

  • Earthy
  • Gentle acidity
  • Dark roast

As important as the coffee plants

Why is coffee roasted?

  • coffee roasted

    Light Roasts

    Mild and toasted-grain taste, with a light body and plenty of acidity.

  • Medium Roasts

    Medium Roasts

    More body, less acidity  and can be the most fruity and sweet.

  • Dark Roasts

    Dark Roasts

    The most intense and bitter, can have a smoky or chocolatey sweet taste.

final magic

The final magic is in the brew

Once the beans have been grown, picked and roasted. What happens next is just as important if you want to find your perfect cup.

Find out more