With 50% higher yield per tree, selected varieties can help reduce the CO2e (carbon dioxide equivalent) footprint of the green coffee beans up to 30%, because more coffee is produced using the same amount of land, fertiliser, and energy.
In Colombia, between 2010 and 2012, climate change and rising temperatures made coffee trees vulnerable to leaf rust disease. Faced with hard choices, and the possibility of clearing native forests to plant more coffee, farmers with NESCAFÉ’s support avoided taking drastic measures by renovating their farms with improved disease-resistant coffee plantlets.
In Tezonapa, Veracruz Mexico, NESCAFÉ agronomists helped improve yields by supplying smaller coffee trees. Where 600–700 plants could fit in a single hectare, farmers could now fit 1,200–1,300, practically doubling production on the same land. In addition, where the older plants took up to three years to produce coffee, the newer plants started producing after just one year.